Quick Answer: Why Did UK Give Up Hong Kong?

Why did Great Britain give up Hong Kong?

Opium Wars

The First Opium War lasted from 1839 to 1842. Britain invaded the Chinese mainland and occupied the island of Hong Kong on Jan. China lost the war and had to cede Hong Kong to Britain in the Treaty of Nanking. As a result, Hong Kong became a crown colony of the British Empire.

Could the UK have kept Hong Kong?

If it had been practical, the United Kingdom could have retained Hong Kong Island and Kowloon and returned the New Territories to China. Hong Kong Island and Kowloon were formally ceded by China to Britain, and thus they belonged to Britain outright under international law.

Why was Hong Kong returned to China in 1997?

At midnight on June 30/July 1, 1997, the crown colony of Hong Kong (See Map ) officially reverted to Chinese sovereignty, ending 156 years of British rule. They feared that China would drastically curtail the rights and freedoms of Hong Kong residents.

What was the agreement between China and Britain about Hong Kong?

In 1984, British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher and China’s premier Zhao Ziyang signed the Sino-British Joint Declaration, agreeing that China would give Hong Kong some political and social autonomy through a “one country, two systems” policy for a 50-year-period.

What are the 5 demands?

As the protests progressed, the protesters laid out five key demands, namely the withdrawal of the bill, investigation into alleged police brutality and misconduct, the release of arrested protesters, retraction of the official characterisation of the protests as “riots”, and Chief Executive Carrie Lam’s resignation

Does China own Hong Kong?

Hong Kong exists as a Special Administrative Region controlled by The People’s Republic of China and enjoys its own limited autonomy as defined by the Basic Law. The principle of “one country, two systems” allows for the coexistence of socialism and capitalism under “one country,” which is mainland China.

Did Hong Kong want British stay?

Hong Kong became a special administrative region and continues to maintain governing and economic systems separate from those of mainland China. This event ended 156 years of British colonial rule in Hong Kong. The territory was Britain’s last substantial overseas possession.

Are Hong Kong citizens British citizens?

When the British Nationality Act 1981 came into force, on 1 January 1981, residents of Hong Kong became British Dependent Territories Citizens (BDTC). This gave them the right to live in Hong Kong, but no other British territory.

When did China take over Hong Kong?